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What is a Driving Licence (DL)?

According to The Motor Vehicles Act, of 1988, having a Driving Licence (DL) is a must if you want to drive a vehicle in India. It's a government-issued paper showing you're allowed to drive. India has different types of DLs for different needs. Let's talk about them, why they're important, and what kinds of vehicles you can drive with each.

Types of Driving Licence

Learner's Licence (LL)

It's a temporary permit for learning to drive, lasting six months. Those 16+ (for 50cc bikes) and 18+ (for cars) can apply, driving with someone holding a valid license. Gaining practical driving experience under supervision is crucial during this phase, marking the first step toward becoming a responsible and skilled driver.

Permanent Driving Licence (DL)

A permanent Driving Licence allows you to Drive on roads. It will be provided after training and passing an RTO test. You need to have a Learner's Licence for 30+ days and you must be 18+. It's an essential document for legally driving independently. Holding a DL means you've met the required driving standards and responsibilities, marking you as a responsible driver.

Commercial Driving Licence (CDL)

For driving commercially, like transporting goods or people. Needed for vehicles with more than eight seats. Must have a valid DL and be 20+. It's required for those in the transportation business. Obtaining a commercial licence involves additional training and testing for safety, ensuring professional competence.

International Driving Permit (IDP)

International Driving Permit allows you to drive in countries accepting Indian licence. Given to those with a valid DL planning to drive abroad. It is valid for one year. Essential for driving internationally. Check if the country you're visiting recognizes the IDP, as it simplifies legal procedures while driving overseas.

What Is a Learning Licence (LL)?

A Learning Licence (LL) is a provisional permit issued to individuals who are learning to drive a motor vehicle. It serves as a stepping stone towards obtaining a full-fledged Driving Licence (DL) by allowing new drivers to gain practical driving experience under certain restrictions and supervision. It's a temporary permit for learning to drive, lasting six months.

How to Get a Learning Licence (LL)?

1Online Application Process

  1. Go to the Ministry of Highways and Road Transport website:
  2. Click on 'Online Services' and choose 'Driving License Related Services'
  3. Select your state.
  4. Click on 'Apply Online' and choose 'Learning Licence'.
  5. Fill out the application form and submit it online.
  6. Upload scanned copies of required documents.
  7. Pay the application fees.
  8. Book a slot for the learning licence test.
  9. Visit the RTO to take the test.
  10. Your learning licence will be sent to your registered address after passing the test.

2Offline Application Process

  1. Visit your native RTO.
  2. Get the application form or download it from the RTO website.
  3. Fill out the form and submit it with the necessary documents to the RTO.
  4. Pay the application fees.
  5. Book a slot for the learning licence test.
  6. Take the test on the scheduled date and time.
  7. Once you pass the test, you'll receive your learning licence.

How to Get a Permanent Driving Licence (DL)?

To get a permanent driving licence, follow these steps

Licence Related Fees

Fee Payable U/R 32 OF C.M.V Rules, of 1989



  • In respect of issue of Learner’s Licence of each class of vehicle in From 3

    ₹ 150

  • Learner`s Licence test

    ₹ 50

  • In respect of issue of driving licence in Form 7

    ₹ 400.00 ( including the cost of the computerized chip)

  • For test of competence to drive each class of vehicle

    ₹ 300

  • In respect of issue of International Driving Licence

    ₹ 1000

  • In respect of addition of another class of vehicle to driving licence

    ₹ 950

  • In respect of renewal of driving licence

    ₹ 400.00 (including the cost of the computerized chip)

  • In respect of renewal of a driving licence in Form 6 to drive a motor vehicle for which application is made after the grace period

    ₹ 300.00 Additional fee at the rate of 1000/- for a period of delay of one year or part thereof reckoned from the date of expiry of the grace period.

  • In respect of addition of another class of motor vehicle to the driving licence in Form 7

    ₹ 400.00 (including the cost of the computerized chip)

  • In respect of issue and renewal of licence to a school or establishment for imparting instructions in driving

    ₹ 10000

  • In respect of issue of duplicate licence to the school or establishment imparting instruction in driving

    ₹ 5000

  • Change of particulars in DL

    ₹ 400.00 (including the cost of the computerized chip)

  • Duplicate Driving Licence

    ₹ 400.00 (including the cost of the computerized chip)

  • Endorsement or Renewal of authorization for vehicle carrying hazardous goods

    ₹ 100

What Documents are Necessary When Applying For a Duplicate Licence?

How Is a Driving License (DL) Different From a Learning Licence (LL)?

A Driving Licence and a Learning Licence have different purposes and rules

Learning Licence (LL)Driving Licence (DL)
  • Purpose

    It's a permit for new drivers to practice driving under rules and supervision.
  • Restrictions

    New drivers must follow rules like having a licenced driver with them, displaying 'L' plates, and practicing for limited hours.
  • Purpose

    It's an official permit that lets people drive on their own after passing necessary tests.
  • Restrictions

    There are usually no special rules for drivers with a full licence. They can drive alone following regular road rules.

Frequently Asked Questions

Checking your Driving Licence details on VehicleInfo is easy. Simply go to the Search Licence Details section, enter your DL number, and access all relevant information like validity and endorsements.

VehicleInfo offers an easy way to track your Driving Licence Status online effortlessly. Our platform provides real-time updates on the progress of your Driving Licence application, ensuring you stay informed every step of the way.

With VehicleInfo, you can not only track the real-time status of your Driving Licence application but also access detailed Licence Details. Stay informed about the validity, endorsements, and other relevant information related to your DL.

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